Acknowledgments

School Climate Definition
This definition of "school climate" and a "sustainable and positive school climate" emerged from a consensus meeting with members of the National School Climate Council:
  • Victor Battistich, Center for Character & Citizenship, College of Education, University of Missouri, St. Louis
  • William Cirone, County Superintendent, Santa Barbara County Education Office, Santa Barbara, CA
  • Jonathan Cohen, National School Climate Center, National School Climate Center; Teachers College, Columbia University, Co-chair
  • James P. Comer, School Development Program, Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine
  • Ann Foster, Executive Director, National Network for Educational Renewal
  • Gary Homana, Education Policy & Leadership, College of Education, University of Maryland—College Park
  • William H. Hughes, Superintendent, Greendale School District, Greendale, WI
  • Nicholas Michelli, Doctoral Program in Urban Education, City University of New York
  • Terry Pickeral, National Center for Learning and Citizenship (NCLC) at the Education Commission of the States, Co-chair
  • Merle J. Schwartz, Director of Education and Research, Character Education Partnership
  • Margaret Jo Shepherd, National School Climate Center; Teachers College, Columbia University
Following this initial two-day meeting in April, 2007 meeting, the National School Climate Center and the National Center for Learning and Citizenship at the Education Commission of the States organized a second professional judgment group in October, 2007. The following policy and/or practice leaders further refined and endorsed these definitions.
  • Howard Adelman, Co-director and Professor, School Mental Health Project, Center for Mental Health in Schools, Department of Psychology, UCLA
  • Janice E. Arnold-Jones, Representative, House District 24, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Amy Berg, Research Director, Coalition for Community Schools, Institute for Educational Leadership, Wash. DC
  • Marvin Berkowitz, Sanford N. McDonnell Endowed Professor of Character Education and Co-director, Center for Character & Citizenship, College of Education, Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis
  • Cathryn Berger Kaye, M.A., CBK Associates, International Education Consultants
  • Martin J. Blank, Director for School, Family and Community Connections at the Institute for Educational Leadership and Staff Director, Coalition for Community Schools.
  • Samuel Chaltain, Executive Director, Five Freedoms Project, Washington, DC
  • Lou Ann Evans, Member, State College Area School District, PA
  • Arnold F. Fege, Director, Public Engagement and Advocacy, Public Education Network, Washington, DC
  • Mary Lou Rush, Executive Director, Center for Students, Families and Communities, Ohio State Department of Education
  • Linda Taylor, Co-director, School Mental Health Project, Center for Mental Health in Schools, Department of Psychology, UCLA
  • Hon. Ron Tupa, Colorado State Senate, Boulder, CO
  • Paul Vierling, State of Hawaii

We are indebted to support from the Leon Lowenstein foundation that provided support for these meetings.

School Climate Frequently Asked Questions
These questions grow out of work published in the following two peer reviewed publications:
  • Cohen, J. (2006). Social, emotional, ethical and academic education: Creating a climate for learning, participation in democracy and well-being. Harvard Educational Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, Summer, pg 201-237.
  • Cohen, J,. McCabe, L, Michelli, N.M & Pickeral, T. (2009). School Climate: Research, Policy, Teacher Education and Practice. Teachers College Record, Vol. 111:1, pp 180-213. (If you would like a copy of these papers, please write to jonathancohen@schoolclimate.org)
The Dimensions of School Climate

There is not a national consensus about how to label the various dimensions of school climate. This list of dimensions grows out a review of the literature and recent research (Cohen, 2006, Cohen, McCabe, Michelli & Pickeral, 2009). The National School Climate Council has also endorsed this list of school climate dimensions.

School Climate: Current Practices
To receive a copy of the MMS Education, 2006 report, please write to jonathancohen@schoolclimate.org

School Climate Policy
NSCC and the Education Commission of the States carried out this national policy scan. the detailed results from this scan are reported in:
  • Cohen, J,. McCabe, L, Michelli, N.M & Pickeral, T. (2009). School Climate: Research, Policy, Teacher Education and Practice. Teachers College Record, Vol. 111:1, pp 180-213. (If you would like a copy of these papers, please write to jonathancohen@schoolclimate.org)